30 07 2010

Benefits and Methodological Implications
ICT in Language Learning

1. Introduction

ICT as a medium for teaching is becoming more and more admitted. Many big Universities and language Schools have applied ICT to improve their education system. Some teachers appreciate its values; others tend to be rather reserved to the option of having the electronic environment “overtake the classroom”.

Many experiences of using e-learning as a support classes have proved to be positive and stimulating both for students and the teacher.

In language teaching, the educational and tutoring support available can be used in creating the e-learning environments for teaching general language courses in different languages at different levels. At the same time, ICT enables us to foster student-centered learning, individualization and support building up a sense of belonging to a community. the article below will discuss the use of ICT in Language learning in detail.

2. Theoretical background

2.1 Student motivation and e-learning

ICT supports the modern principles of learning and language acquisition. Individualization, interaction and student motivation which are considered crucial in modern education theories, are necessarily a part of the process in ICT. As Theobald (2006: 1) points out, some students need extrinsic tools to increase their motivation. Intrinsic motivation, however, is “the ultimate goal of educators for their students.” Intrinsic motivation is often attributed to finding a value in what students do. Theobald (2006: 1) concludes: Helping students find value in learning through the implementation of various instructional strategies and multiple alternative  and  authentic forms  of  assessments,  while maintaining high  standards of  student performance  in  an environment which encourages students to do their best work by effective, nurturing teachers, will help increase the motivational levels of all students.

Hasanbegovic (2005) reviews that it is predicted and evidenced that intrinsically motivated students do more in a fixed time period as a result of their higher effort and persistence and will do different things in computer environments that allow for this liberty of choice.

A well-balanced ITC environment will enable students to feel the above points and stay motivated throughout the learning process. Motivation, individualization, learning in context and the activation of the learner – all buzzwords in modern education – are often a part and a parcel of a successful ICT support.

2.2 Learner responsibility and teacher’s role

An equally important aspect is learner responsibility, which is the students´ capacity to pursue their goals. A modern student, especially at the university level, must know why and what he needs to study, and to be able to design and stick to their personal study plan. Wilson (1981: 61) points out that student development through the university years can be seen as follows:

One view is that student growth occurs through an invariant sequence of stages or levels in which progress from stage to stage implies a restructuring and reorganization of what went before. ´Higher´ stages are qualitatively different from ´lower´ stages in terms of the way the individual thinks, feels or acts. Another influential view is that student development is to be seen in terms of mastery of a series of developmental “tasks” which involve the individual’s maturation in the different aspects of intellect, emotions and social relationships.

Today, the role of the teacher is more like an advisor, an expert in the field whose task is to support the student’s development. This is much more creative and much more challenging than the traditional “design and control the study process” concepts. Teachers are powerful motivational socialisers. Being the officially designated leaders within the classroom, they embody group conscience, symbolize the group’s unity and identity, and serve as a model or a reference. They also function as an “emotional amplifier” of the group whose appeals and examples are critical for mobilizing the group. Simply speaking, it is to lead, direct and energize, that is, to motivate.

At the same time, the responsibilities going along with the teaching profession are increasing. It suggests that the teacher has a wider responsibility than the single classroom and includes contributing to the school, the system, other students, the wider community and collective responsibilities of teachers themselves as a group and the broader profession.

2.3.  The possibilities for ICT

It is suggested that ICT and web-based learning solutions offer the learners the possibilities for making the learning process more interesting and challenging. Some of the capacities here are attractive and enthusing. J P Gee suggests (2009) that the principles these follow often relate to the principles of encouraging active learning. Out of the capacities that Gee relates to positive learning techniques in video-games.

Also, Gottlieb (2009: 26-37) states that the modernity of the medium and its parallels to the developments in virtually all other spheres of human life, where the digital revolution reaches from citizen journalism to museum pedagogy , help to make it attractive.

Read the rest of this entry »


26 07 2010

The Advantages and Disadvantages
Computer Assisted Language Learning

1.  Introduction

We cannot deny the increase of computer and internet use around us. The technology has given impacts not only to the industry and economy but also to other field, such as, education.

The explosion of multimedia and Internet use has shown interest in using computers for foreign language teaching and learning. Many language Institution and teachers have tried to utilize this technology for the sake of teaching and learning. Thus, the role of computers and Internet in language instruction has now become an important issue. For example, the use of CALL (Computer Assisted Language Learning) is becoming popular in teaching and learning language. The purpose of CALL is to definitely help the process of teaching and learning, so the process can be more efficient and effective. Moreover, CALL can give more variation, avoid boredom, and motivate learner in process and achieving the goal of learning. However, CALL has advantages and disadvantages. To utilize it well, we need to know and anylize the advantages and disadvantages of CALL. Read the rest of this entry »

25 07 2010


The florescence of multimedia use has been influencing language teaching and learning field. Picking up the right material is becoming important since there are many kinds of multi media materials for teaching we can find. One kind that is essential to review is the use of ready-made computerized language learning program. In reviewing the programs which is usually called Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) program, we should consider some points. Hartoyo (2008: 90-91) states that in designing and evaluating CALL program, five basic principles should be considered: interactivity, usability, content appropriateness, effectiveness and performance.

1.  Interactivity (feedback and instruction)

Interactivity refers to how the program can stimulate interaction, especially interaction between the computer and the user. It includes the effectiveness of the instructions and feedback provided in the program.

2.  Usability (Flexibility)

Usability (Flexibility) refers to the flexibility, ease and inherent interest of the program used, and how far the material meets the student’s need.

3.  Content Appropriateness

Content Appropriateness is concerned with the amount of material presented in the program, how easily the material is learned and understood, and how far the material meets the student’s need.

4.  Effectiveness

Effectiveness refers to how effectively the program assists language learners to improve their mastery of grammar.

5.  Performance (Attractiveness)

Performance (Attractiveness) refers to the presentation, lay out of the screen, the color, and the illustrations (picture, diagram, charts, etc) used in the program.

The following is the REVIEW of ready-made computerized language learning program:

I.  The Review of Vocabulary CD

1.  Interactivity

What makes the program interactive is concept, which is designed as a game. It responds the learner answer directly with the result and gives the other opportunity to answer with different choice.

2.  Usability

Since the concept of the program is a game, the instructions are simple and easy to follow. The little weakness found is that the learner can not adjust the speed so that they can match their level.

3.  Content Appropriateness

The student of Elementary School can use this program to improve their vocabulary since the content of the program is suitable for them.

4.  Effectiveness

The program is effective enough to improve learners’ vocabulary, but it cannot effectively develop learners’ grammar competence.

5.  Performance (Attractiveness)

The colorful layout and different pattern of games make the program attractive. Read the rest of this entry »

20 06 2010

Creating a WordPress Blog

Our professor, Mr. Hartoyo, wants us to create a blog site by our own. The purpose is clearly for our ICT-learning experience and to communicate with others through virtual world. The professor’s guidance gives us new power and excitement. We absolutely owe him gratitude.

Well, after experiencing and exploring the blog-creating, there should be some tips that I can mark when doing the process of making a blog .

They are:

  1. Before starting creating a new wordpress blog be sure that you have an account of an email.
  2. If don’t have any, you can go to yahoomail, gmail, hotmail or other free email provider.
  3. Go to www.wordpress.com for registration.
  4. Register your account and don’t forget to remember your password or write it in safe place.
  5. Now you can start creating you blog in wordpress (WP)
  6. Don’t ever hesitate to experience and explore, it will be absolutely increasing your knowledge.

11 06 2010

Group Presentation Of eLearning

The group presentation of assignment 1 has discussed eLearning as the topic.


Since eLearning occurred in eighties, the way people pursue education has alternated drastically. People can vary the way they study by experiencing eLearning. It’s claimed they can study in flexible time. Next, they can themselves the place and the pace of the study. In short, eLearning has given people opportunity to access study in the way they never imagine.

What is e Learning?

The definitions of eLearning are slightly different for one to another. Some experts define as follows:

• Hunderson (2003) eLearning is learning at a distance that uses computer technology (usually) the internet
• eLearning come from the word “electronic” and “learning” so that eLearning is method or teaching learning model through electronic tools (off-line and on-line)
• Mishra (2009) emphasize that eLearning is “a broad term, encompassing a wide variety of electronic technologies used for educational purpose, and a wide variety of educational formats and designs”

Basically e Learning can be define into thrre categories; They are :

• Computer Based Learning
• Web Based Learning
• Internet Based Learning

eLearning, Web-based learning, online learning, and distance learning are widely used as interchangeable terms. However, these terms represent concepts with subtle, yet consequential differences. In this article, we reveal the differences, review the meanings of these terms, and suggest definitions.
A clear understanding of these concepts and their fundamental differences is important for both the educational and training communities. Applying each of these terms adequately is key to assuring reliable communication between clients and vendors, members of technical teams, and the research community. A thorough familiarity with each concept and its distinctive characteristics is a critical factor in establishing adequate specifications, evaluating alternative options, selecting best solutions, and enabling and promoting effective learning practices.
Purposes of eLearning

1. Increase access to learning opportunity and flexibility
The flexibility of time and place will increase the people with limitedly free time and the people in the remote area the opportunity to access study.
2. Cost effective education
The technology will decrease the cost needed for study.
3. Enhance general quality of education
The ease of manage and control will increase the quality.
4. Meet students learning styles
The flexibility of choosing the pace and material can definitely suit students learning styles.
5. Develop 21st century skills and competencies
The technology will introduce and give some modern skill needed.